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الجمعة، 30 ديسمبر، 2011

oman

Sultanate of Oman
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The official language
Arabic
Capital
Muscat
Head of State
Sultan Qaboos bin Said
Space
309.500 km ²
Population
- (Census 2003)
- Density
2,331,3918 / km ²
National day
November 18
Currency
RO
Time difference
GMT +4
National Anthem
O Lord save us, His Majesty the Sultan
International code of the Internet
. OM
International code of the phone
968


 


Is a state located in the south east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia. Have a common border with the north-west of the United Arab Emirates and to the west with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and from the south-eastern Yemen. Beach with a length of about 3200 meters overlooking the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf.


History
Sumerians called on Oman (free) or Copper Mountain. Have been received of Oman under this name (free) in the hundreds of texts Mesopotamian whether Sumerian or Akkadian, written in cuneiform, and the point clearly to the importance of this place of strategic areas and its natural resources especially copper and precious stones used in making statues such as the stone of diorite. In the last five thousand years had enjoyed strong relations with the countries of the world, was the port, the old link, such as ports: Sohar, Sur, Salalah and Muscat and Muttrah. In the Sultanate too many sites are full of historical buildings. Including images, Salalah, Jalan Bani Bu-Bou and built stainless and the discharge and the Igloo, Nizwa, red, and a pool of grants and bananas, and this forms an important part of cultural identity.
In the site Samad was identified for a large number of tombs that represent different points in time associated with sites of residential periods dating back to the fourth millennium BC. And even in Islamic contracts. Was detected at the site (Samad matter) for the first attempts of mining and extracting copper smelting, processing and exporting it to parts of the population of Mesopotamia from the Sumerians, Acadians, Babylonians and Assyrians were a close relationship with Oman or costs. In areas such as matter and fertilize the eye and Wadi Wadi Bahla and the coastal areas of cities. And one of the oldest centers of civilization that arose in the Arabian Peninsula. The population density in Oman in the third millennium BC, m more than in any region of the Arabian Peninsula because of the wealth that existed in such as mining, agriculture, natural resources and trade was Oman one of the first areas in the Arabian Peninsula that have established bridges business with the Indian subcontinent with the country With Iran, Mesopotamia and East Africa. In the east there is a site the baby's head by dozens of archaeological sites, stretching between Tyre and Alochkrh on the coast of Oman, including the Ras Al Hadd and Ras Ganazhat discovered the oldest residential sites back to the fifth millennium BC. And even in Arab-Islamic eras. The findings back to the Bronze Age in the third millennium BC. M, and the remains of boats and seals imported from India, a square with scenes of Indian origin and Indian writings. And found large quantities of pottery and ornaments turned out to be the source of the Phoenician. It seems that the people of the baby's head at that time were living on fishing have been detected for a residential site and the port is considered one of the oldest ports, known to the Arabian Peninsula. The link between the peninsula of India, Oman and the rest of the Persian Gulf. And studies have shown extensive writings about the fetus was discovered with a return to the second half of the third millennium BC. M. The oldest known alphabetic writing so far back to the mid-second millennium BC. M. This is an alphabetic writing Chtmin of steatite on two three written references. This writing may be sectional or satirical Eilamih ratio of assets to the area (Elam) between Iraq and Iran, and have a clear communication system to write the South Arabian


SiteSultanate of Oman lies in the far southeast of the Arabian Peninsula and extends between latitudes 40 ', 16 and 20' 26 N and between longitudes 50 '51 and 40' 59 east, and the coastline extends a distance of 1.700 km from the Strait of Hormuz in the north to the borders of the Republic of Yemen , and overlooks three seas: the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. It is bordered to the west of the UAE and Saudi Arabia, and South Yemen, and north the Strait of Hormuz, on the east by the Arabian Sea.

SpaceThe total area of ​​the Sultanate of about (309) thousand square kilometers and includes multiple models of the Earth varies between easy and plateau and the mountain, and a coastal plain which overlooks both the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea of ​​the most important plains of Oman, an area of ​​3% of the total area of ​​approx. While the mountains around 15% of the total area of ​​the most important chains of mountains are the Hajar Mountains, which extend in an arc from Ras Musandam in the north to Ras Al Hadd, and the second is a series of Dhofar Mountains situated in the far south-west of Amman. And cover areas of sand and desert area where the old age of 82% of the total area of ​​approximately, which belong mostly to the Empty Quarter.

ClimateThe climate varies in the Sultanate from region to region, in the coastal areas, we find a warm wet weather in the summer, while we find it hot and dry in the interior, except for some high places where the climate is mild throughout the year. In the southern region, we find that the climate is more moderate. The rainfall in the Sultanate of Oman are few and irregular in general, however at times heavy rain, with the exception of Dhofar where it falls heavy rain and a regular in the period between June and October due to monsoon.

Administrative divisionThe Sultanate is divided administratively into four provinces, Muscat, Dhofar, Musandam, Buraimi, and five regions internist phenomenon, Interior, Eastern, Central. This consists of the provinces and regions of a number of states a total of up to 61 states, and each region a regional center or more and total regional centers in the Sultanate to 12 regional centers.

PopulationThe total population of about 1,779,318 Omani Sultanate and 552.073 foreigners, according to statistics in 2003.


Administrative divisionSultanate of Oman is divided into nine administrative regions, namely:

4 provinces, namely:Governorate of MuscatMusandamGovernorate of DhofarAl Buraimi5 areas, namely:Batinah regionThe phenomenonThe interiorEastern RegionThe central region


Background information on the Sultanate of OmanArea: 309500 square kilometersCapital: MuscatReligion: IslamPopulation: 3,204,8001 million, according to estimates by the mid-2005.Population density: 7.8 people per square kilometer.Time: 4 hours for Advanced GMT.Currency: Omani Rial = U.S. $ 2.58 (387 Bz riyal one U.S. dollar)GDP: 7.3119 billion rials (at market price in 2000)GDP: 7.6029 billion rials (at market price in 2000)Weather: Hot and humid in summer, cool winter.Metrics: the metric system.Electricity: 220 volts.Education: Education receives about 555 thousand students in 2000. (Aged between 6-18 years in schools in the Sultanate.)Health: 48 hospitals and 118 health centers.Roads: 33.847 km including 8477 km of paved roads and the rest paved roads in 2000Oil production: about 904,700 barrels a day.Oil reserves: 5.8 billion barrels (proven reserves).Natural gas reserves: about 24.40 trillion cubic feet (proven reserves).Copper reserves: about 15 million tons.Fish stocks: 4.77 million tons.Population growth rate: 2.8%Life expectancy: 73.4 years.National Day: November 18 falls each year (an official holiday for two days later in the month).Official holidays: days vary according to the Hijri year: Prophet's Night Journey - The Ascension - Eid al-Fitr - Eid al-Adha beginning of the new Hijri year - Renaissance Day July 23 each year.Hours: Saturday to Wednesday (7.30 am - 2.30 pm) except for the month of Ramadan (9.00 am 2.00 pm.)Time the private sector: from Saturday to Thursday (according to the system each company) (8.00 am - 1.00 pm) and (3.30 pm -6.30 pm) (except the month of Ramadan).

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